Dominican Republic's History
|Dominican Republic's Discovery/History|
Art. Samples of cave
paintings have been found in different locations of the Island, such as in
the caves of “Las Maravillas” and “Pomier”, also, when going
around the Enriquillo Lake we can appreciate the famous “Caritas” or
caves, well known for their Indian paintings are in the National Park of
the East in “Los Haitises”
Tainian hand crafts of the Island are
of superior quality of those of the other islands, most of the artifacts,
besides for daily life activities, where used for religious-magical
purposes. Two of the most
famous artifacts of the tainian art are the Hammock and the Macuto (wicker
Hispaniola was the first European colony of the New World, and in it’s
Capital City, Santo Domingo – also called First City of the Americas –
where originated the first colonial cultural and social institutions, the
first fortress where built as well as the first churches and the first
cathedral, the first hospital and the first monuments and the first
end of the XVI century La Hispaniola was the source of great benefits
thanks to its mineral abundance and the system of sugar cane plantations.
Nevertheless, the gold mines where emptied, which caused a massive
exodus of the population of the colony.
French buccaneer who used the island as contraband bridge took
advantage of this situation to invade and appropriate of the western part
of the Island where they founded the colony of Saint Domingue, based on
the exploitation of the plantations with African slaves.
Agreement of Ryswick, in 1697, Spain tolerated as a fact the occupation of
the French in the Western part of the Island.
A century later, in 1795, during the Haitian revolution, Spain
ceded the colony of Saint Domingue to France.
Toussaint Louverture invaded in 1801 the Eastern part of the
Island, for which the French responded sending in 1802 a representative,
Mr. Leclrec, Napoleon’s brother in law, accompanied by a powerful army
in order to claim the territory. The
French governed Santo Domingo for a period of six years until they were
expulsed out of the territory by a Dominican group headed by Juan Sanchez
Ramírez who reincorporated the Eastern part to the Spain colony.
after 12 years of relative peace, the Haitians again invade Santo Domingo.
In 1844 a group of Dominican patriots headed by Juan Pablo Duarte,
proclaimed the independent State of Dominican Republic.
Internal differences impaired the development of the governmental institutions, which led to a new annexing to the Spanish crown (1861 – 1863), this caused the denominated War of Restoration and the re-denomination of independent Republic.
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